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Fiskeriforvaltning: Gebyr erstatter bøter og straff

17 Sep 2012

Fra 1. mars i år har Fiskeridirektoratet hatt hjemmel til å ilegge såkalt overtredelsesgebyr for brudd på fiskerilovgivningen. Sanksjonsformen erstatter anmeldelse ved mindre alvorlige brudd på bestemmelsene i havressursloven. Gebyr […]

Gebyr erstatter bøtestraff for mindre brudd på havressursloven

Fra 1. mars i år har Fiskeridirektoratet hatt hjemmel til å ilegge såkalt overtredelsesgebyr for brudd på fiskerilovgivningen. Sanksjonsformen erstatter anmeldelse ved mindre alvorlige brudd på bestemmelsene i havressursloven. Gebyr kan maksimalt fastsettes til kr. 100.000. Overstiges denne summen skal saken overføres til politiet.

Årsaken til at myndighetene har valgt å innføre overtredelsesgebyr som administrativ sanksjon er at det i en del typer lovbrudd har vist seg å være en mer effektiv reaksjonsform enn straff. Myndighetene tror også overtredelsesgebyr kan øke reaksjonsfrekvensen, og dermed på lengre sikt bidra til å øke oppslutningen om regelverket.

Det er fortrinnsvis for mindre alvorlige brudd på rapporterings- og opplysningsplikter at det foreløpig vil bli aktuelt å benytte gebyr som reaksjonsform. Det gjelder for eksempel reglene om fangstdagbok og elektronisk rapportering og reglene for føring av landings- og sluttseddel.


Om forfatteren

Lars Selmar Alsaker
Lars Selmar Alsaker Lars S. Alsaker har i mer enn 15 år jobbet med forvaltningsrett, herunder fiskerijuss. Erfaringen omfatter saker knyttet til oppdrettskonsesjoner, lokalitetsklareringer og håndtering av sanksjoner. Alsaker underviser i forvaltningsrett på Norges Handelshøyskole.


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